The aseptic technique is a collection of medical practice sites and procedures that aid in the protection of patients from potentially harmful germs. Bacteria, viruses, and microorganisms are everywhere, so using the aseptic technique can help keep critical equipment clean.
What is the purpose of the aseptic technique?
The purpose of the aseptic technique is an important infection prevention skill for preventing healthcare-associated infections. The use of the aseptic technique aids in the prevention of the spread of pathogens that cause infection.
The aseptic technique is commonly used by healthcare professionals when they are:
- Handling surgical equipment
- Handling dialysis catheters,
- Performing dialysis,
- Inserting a chest tube,
- Inserting a urinary catheter,
- Inserting central intravenous (IV) or arterial lines,
- Inserting other draining devices
Advantages of the aseptic technique
Users are vulnerable to infection whenever one’s skin is broken. That is why users must seek one’s treatment for burns and wounds as soon as possible. Infection can occur even if the cuts are made on purpose during surgery. The use of aseptic techniques by healthcare providers before, during, and after one procedure helps to protect the visitor from infection.
When users require surgery or other procedures that necessitate an aseptic technique, they are already at risk of infection. To heal, one’s immune system must be at its peak. Unless users don’t have to fight off an infection, users have a better chance of recovering.
What Are The Types of Aseptic Techniques
Depending on the situation, medical professionals employ one of three types of aseptic techniques. The three types are as follows:
- Technique of sterility: The most stringent form of aseptic technique, the sterile technique, is intended to provide a germ-free environment. The sterile technique is used in surgeries and other large, invasive procedures where the infection is potentially fatal. It necessitates the use of a sterile room, gloves, gowns, caps, tools, and masks, as well as handwashing and aseptic fields.
2. Aseptic surgical technique: This is an aseptic technique that can be used outside of the operating room. Except for the sterile operating suite, it employs every sterile technique. The surgical aseptic technique is used by doctors for complicated procedures, takes a long time, or involves many parts of the body.
3. Standard aseptic technique: The sterilization process sterilization used for dialysis or IV insertions is the most common type of aseptic technique. Handwashing, small aseptic fields, and masks and gloves are used by doctors to keep germs at bay in these small areas.
Why Aseptic Technique is important?
Infection is the most serious risk of many medical procedures. On any given day, approximately one in every 31 hospital patients has some type of healthcare-associated infection.
Although your immune system is strong, many procedures can allow germs to enter your body and bypass your normal immune defenses. Keeping things as clean as possible is the simplest and safest way to prevent infection.
That is exactly what the aseptic technique accomplishes. Its purpose is to keep harmful bacteria and other microorganisms out of wounds and to protect you from infections while you’re healing. Everything from surgery to simple IV lines would be much more dangerous without these techniques.
To protect patients from potential HCAIs, aseptic practice is an essential component of infection prevention and control practice. All steps in a non-touch aseptic technique should be viewed as an opportunity to reduce pathogenic organism transfer.